Direktlänk till inlägg 12 januari 2011

Världens störste tenor

Av Johan Olsson - 12 januari 2011 08:12

Operakännare gör hela tiden listor över de största operarösterna. En internationell samstämmighet tycks nu ha uppstått kring två namn. Jussi Björling var den störste manliga sångaren. Maria Callas var den största kvinnliga operasångerskan.

Jussi Björlings bakgrund är helt fantastisk, väl i klass med Jenny Linds, den första svenska operastjärnan. Han var son till en smed från Hälsingland som i slutet av 1800-talet hade utvandrat till USA. Han försörjde sig till att börja med som prisboxare, atlet och verktygsmakare. Hans röst var så betagande att han råddes att söka till Metropolitans operaskola. Han kom in på första försöket. Han var bland annat statist på scenen vid ett tillfälle när Caruso sjöng.

Han kom hem till Sverige. Han gifte sig med dalkullan Ester Sund och fick tre söner innan hustrun dog i lungsot. Han tog sönerna med sig till USA och de fick turnera i framför allt svenska kyrkor.

Björlingkvartetten med David och sönerna gjorde mellan 1910 och 1927 över 950 framträdanden i Sverige och USA.

Efter faderns död i brusten blindtarm åkte Jussi till Stockholm och träffade hovkapellmästaren Nils Grevillius och senare operachefen John Forsell (farfar till Jacob Forsell, huvudförfattare till boken)

Jussi Björling träffade Anna-Lisa Berg, som skulle bli hans hustru, på Musikaliska akademien. Han började också sjunga med ett underbarn från Västernorrland, Hjördis Schymberg från Alnön utanför Sundsvall. Hon hade lyssnat till Caruso och Beniamino Giglis röster vid åtskilliga tillfällen och sjungit med Guiseppi Di Stefano. "Jussi var den störste tenoren genom tiderna" var hennes bedömning.

Jussi Björling skrev kontrakt med Metropolitanoperan i New York 1938. De tre stora scenerna Milano, London och New York var hans.

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